Bills and laws
- What is a Bill?
- Types of Bill
- Why are new laws made?
- How are new laws suggested?
- What happens if a Bill does not become an Act?
What is a Bill?
A Bill is a proposed Act of the Scottish Parliament. It might be a new idea, or change or remove part of an existing law. A Bill that is introduced in the Scottish Parliament is scrutinised and debated by MSPs.
Scottish Parliament Bills can be introduced by:
- the Scottish Government – these are Government Bills
- individual MSPs who are not Scottish Ministers - these are Members’ Bills
- groups of MSPs in a committee – these are Committee Bills
- a person, a group or a company – these are Private Bills
- a type of Government Bill which also affects private interests – these are Hybrid Bills
Each Bill must go through several stages before it can be passed and become an Act.
The public and any groups can give their views about a Bill. The Bill will also be debated, voted on, and may be amended or changed. The Parliament then decides if it should be passed. It can then become an Act of the Scottish Parliament, or an Act.
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